Manual Cantata-140

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The cantata is based on the hymn in three stanzas " Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme " by Philipp Nicolai , which covers the prescribed reading for the Sunday, the parable of the Ten Virgins. The text and tune of the hymn appears unchanged in movements 1, 4 and 7. An unknown author supplied poetry for the inner movements as sequences of recitative and duet , based on the love poetry of the Song of Songs.

Bach structured the cantata in seven movements, setting the first stanza as a chorale fantasia , the second movement 4 in the style of a chorale prelude , and the third as a four-part chorale. He set the new texts as dramatic recitatives and love-duets, similar to contemporary opera. Bach scored the work for three vocal soloists soprano , tenor , bass , a four-part choir and a Baroque instrumental ensemble consisting of horns to reinforce the soprano , two oboes , taille , violino piccolo , strings and basso continuo including bassoon.

Whittaker calls it "a cantata without weakness, without a dull bar, technically, emotionally and spiritually of the highest order".

Emmanuel Music - Bach Cantata BWV - Translation

Bach composed the cantata in Leipzig for the 27th Sunday after Trinity. This Sunday occurs only when Easter is early. Bach performed the cantata only once, in Leipzig's main church Nikolaikirche on 25 November As the text and its eschatological themes are also associated with the season of Advent , the cantata is commonly performed during that season.

Bach structured the cantata in seven movements. The text and tune of the hymn are kept in the outer choral movements and the central movement, set as two chorale fantasias and a four-part closing chorale, which frame two sequences of recitative and aria.

Chapter 55 Bwv 140

Bach scored the work for three vocal soloists soprano S , tenor T , bass B , a four-part choir and a Baroque instrumental ensemble of horn Co , two oboes Ob , taille Ot , violino piccolo Vp , two violins Vl , viola Va , and basso continuo including bassoon. In the following table of the movements, the scoring follows the Neue Bach-Ausgabe.

The first movement, " Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme " "Awake", we are called by the voice [of the watchmen] , [4] is a chorale fantasia based on the first verse of the chorale, a common feature of Bach's earlier chorale cantatas. The orchestra plays independent material mainly based on two motifs: The lower voices add in unusually free polyphonic music images such as the frequent calls "wach auf! John Eliot Gardiner , who conducted the Bach Cantata Pilgrimage in , notes two instrumental choirs, the strings and the double-reeds two oboes, taille and bassoon , playing in the style of a French overture double-dotted motifs in triple rhythm.

From this a rising syncopated figure emerges, taken up later on by the altos as they lead off with their funky 'alleluia' figure and adopted by all the other singers. If anyone in the posh world of classical music ever doubted that JS Bach could also be considered the father of jazz, here is the proof. In the following duet, " Wann kommst du, mein Heil?

In a slow siciliano , the obbligato violino piccolo illustrates "the flickering of lamps 'lit with burning oil ' " in arabesques. It is written in the style of a chorale prelude, with the phrases of the chorale, sung as a cantus firmus by the tenors or by the tenor soloist , entering intermittently against a famously lyrical melody played in unison by the violins without the violino piccolo and the viola, accompanied by the basso continuo.

The fifth movement, " So geh herein zu mir " Then come in to me , [4] is a recitative for bass, accompanied by the strings. It pictures the unity of the bridegroom and the "chosen bride". The sixth movement, " Mein Freund ist mein! This duet, like the third movement, is a love duet between the soprano Soul and the bass Jesus. The closing chorale, " Gloria sei dir gesungen " Let Gloria be sung to You , [1] is a four-part setting of the third verse of the hymn.

The high pitch of the melody is doubled by a violino piccolo an octave higher, representing the bliss of the "heavenly Jerusalem".

Bach Cantata Translations

The Bach scholar Klaus Hofmann sees the cantata as one of the composer's "most beautiful, most mature and, at the same time, most popular sacred cantatas". Arranger Ebenezer Prout , piano reduction. Georgina Elizabeth Troutbeck , English text. This file is part of the Sibley Mirroring Project. Editor Alberto Gomez Gomez. Editor Pierre Gouin - Contact.

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Editor Frieder Rempp Page size is Gloria sei dir gesungen. Bach Digital source list.

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Wo soll ich fliehen hin BWV 6: Bleib bei uns, denn es will Abend werden BWV 7: Liebster Gott, wenn werd ich sterben? Es ist das Heil uns kommen her BWV Meine Seel erhebt den Herren. Herr Gott, dich loben wir BWV Wer Dank opfert, der preiset mich BWV Es erhub sich ein Streit BWV O Ewigkeit, du Donnerwort. Wir danken dir, Gott, wir danken dir BWV Geist und Seele wird verwirret BWV Schwingt freudig euch empor BWV 36a: Steigt freudig in die Luft BWV 36b: Die Freude reget sich BWV 36c: Schwingt freudig euch empor BWV Aus tiefer Not schrei ich zu dir BWV Dazu ist erschienen der Sohn Gottes.

Jesu, nun sei gepreiset BWV Sie werden euch in den Bann tun BWV Es ist dir gesagt, Mensch, was gut ist BWV Schauet doch und sehet BWV Ich geh' und suche mit Verlangen BWV Nun ist das Heil und die Kraft. Falsche Welt, dir trau ich nicht BWV Ich will den Kreuzstab gerne tragen BWV Selig ist der Mann BWV Wer mich liebet, der wird mein Wort halten BWV Sehet, welch eine Liebe BWV Sie werden aus Saba alle kommen BWV Erfreut euch, ihr Herzen BWV 66a: Wachet, betet, seid bereit allezeit! Herr, wie du willt, so schick's mit mir BWV Die Elenden sollen essen BWV Jesu, der du meine Seele BWV Alles, was von Gott geboren BWV 80b: Ein feste Burg ist unser Gott.

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Ich habe genug BWV Ich bin ein guter Hirt BWV Wahrlich, wahrlich, ich sage euch BWV Bisher habt ihr nichts gebeten in meinem Namen BWV Siehe, ich will viel Fischer aussenden BWV Was soll ich aus dir machen, Ephraim BWV Was frag ich nach der Welt BWV Christus, der ist mein Leben BWV In allen meinen Taten BWV Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan BWV Was Gott tut, das ist wohlgetan. Ihr werdet weinen und heulen BWV Ich glaube, lieber Herr BWV Unser Mund sei voll Lachens. Was mein Gott will, das g'scheh allzeit BWV Ach, lieben Christen, seid getrost BWV Mache dich, mein Geist, bereit BWV Gott, man lobet dich in der Stille BWV a: Gott, man lobet dich in der Stille.

Christum wir sollen loben schon BWV Das neugeborne Kindelein BWV Meinen Jesum lass ich nicht BWV Herr Gott, dich loben alle wir.

J. S. Bach - Cantata BWV 140 - Duetto "Mein Freund ist mein"

Fugue in G minor BWV Ich freue mich in dir BWV Wohl dem, der sich auf seinen Gott BWV Wachet auf, ruft uns die Stimme. Uns ist ein Kind geboren by Johann Kuhnau?

Nimm, was dein ist, und gehe hin BWV