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Kirtland, later noted, this bombardment, of 70 minutes' duration, was conducted in a "leisurely manner". After a month spent in exercises and refitting, Alabama again got under way as a part of Task Force 58 to participate in " Operation Forager ", the invasion of the Marianas Islands and the recapture of Guam from Japanese occupation. On 12 June, Alabama screened the aircraft carriers as they made air strikes on Saipan.
On 13 June, Alabama took part in the six-hour-long pre-invasion bombardment of the western coast of Saipan, aimed at softening up the ground defenses, and also to cover the Navy minesweeping operations off the shore of the island. Alabama ' s spotting planes reported that her salvoes had caused great destruction and fires in Garapan town. Though the shelling appeared to be successful, it was later found to be a relative failure, due to the warship's gun crews lacking the specialized training and experience required for successful shore bombardments.
Alabama had spent many months in the Pacific screening aircraft carrier Task Groups, and thus the efforts of her gun crews had been concentrated on providing anti-aircraft fire to defend the carrier task groups against Japanese air attacks. Additional air strikes and shore bombardments of Saipan by the fleet continued, and two Marine divisions landed on the heavily defended island on 15 June. These were later reinforced by an Army division. On 19 June , during the last major carrier air battle of the War in the Pacific , the Battle of the Philippine Sea , the battleship, operating with Task Group These totaled seven attacking groups in all on that day.
Three of these Japanese attacks were aimed at Task Group In the first instance, only two planes managed to evade the defending Navy fighter planes to attack the Task Group's ships. The only casualties were on board the battleship South Dakota , which suffered from one aerial bomb hit that killed one officer and 20 enlisted men, and also wounded an additional 23 sailors.
One hour later, a second wave, composed mostly of torpedo planes , attacked, but Alabama ' s anti-aircraft barrage helped repel two Japanese planes from attacking the already-hit South Dakota. The intense concentration paid to the group of incoming torpedo planes left one Japanese dive bomber nearly undetected, and it dropped its bomb load close to Alabama. The two small aerial bombs were near-misses, but caused no damage to the battleship. This battle, which the U. Navy fighter pilots soon came to call the "Marianas Turkey Shoot",  with nearly Japanese airplanes shot down, plus the sinking of three Japanese aircraft carriers, practically finished off all Japanese naval air power.
The Imperial Japanese Navy was never again able to accumulate enough trained pilots and naval warplanes to engage in a serious air attack against the American Navy and its allies. Practically no more conventional air attacks were ever made against these ships, with the Japanese Navy and its Army Air Force resorting to determined kamikaze attacks for the remainder of the war in the Pacific. Alabama continued patrolling areas around the Marianas to protect the American landing forces on Saipan, screening the carriers to the east as they struck enemy shipping, aircraft, and shore installations on Guam, Tinian, Rota , and Saipan.
She then retired to the Marshall Islands for upkeep. She screened the fast carriers as they conducted pre-invasion attacks and support of the landings on the island of Guam on 21 July. She returned briefly to Eniwetok on 11 August. From 6—8 September, the forces launched strikes on the Carolines. Alabama departed from the Carolines to steam to the Philippines and provided cover for the carriers striking the islands of Cebu Island , Leyte , Bohol , and Negros from 12—14 September.
The carriers launched strikes on shipping and installations in the Manila Bay area on 21—22 September, and in the central Philippines area on 24 September. Alabama retired briefly to Saipan on 28 September, then proceeded to Ulithi on 1 October. Again operating as part of a fast carrier Task Group, Alabama protected the flattops while they launched strikes on Japanese facilities at Okinawa , in the Penghu archipelago, and Taiwan. Detached from the Formosa area on 14 October to sail toward Luzon , the ship again used her anti-aircraft batteries in support of the carriers as enemy aircraft attempted to attack the formation.
Alabama ' s gunners claimed three enemy aircraft shot down and a fourth damaged. By 15 October, Alabama was supporting landing operations on Leyte. She then screened the carriers as they conducted air strikes on Cebu, Negros, Panay , northern Mindanao , and Leyte on 21 October. Alabama reversed her course and headed for Samar to assist the greatly outnumbered American forces, but the Japanese had retreated by the time she reached the scene. She then joined the protective screen for Essex task group to hit enemy forces in the central Philippines before retiring to Ulithi on 30 October for replenishment.
Underway again on 3 November, Alabama screened the fast carriers as they carried out sustained strikes against Japanese airfields, and installations on Luzon to prepare for a landing on Mindoro Island. She spent the next few weeks engaged in operations against the Visayas and Luzon before retiring to Ulithi on 24 November. The first half of December found Alabama engaged in various training exercises and maintenance routines.
She left Ulithi on 10 December, and reached the launching point for air strikes on Luzon on 14 December, as the fast carrier task forces launched aircraft to carry out preliminary strikes on airfields on Luzon that could threaten the landings slated to take place on Mindoro. From 14—16 December, a veritable umbrella of carrier aircraft covered the Luzon fields, preventing any enemy planes from getting airborne to challenge the Mindoro-bound convoys.
Having completed her mission, she left the area to refuel on 17 December, but as she reached the fueling rendezvous, began encountering heavy weather. Three destroyers, Hull , Monaghan , and Spence , were lost to the typhoon. By 19 December, the storm had run its course, and Alabama arrived back at Ulithi on 24 December. Shipyard work continued until 17 March, when Alabama got underway for standardization trials and refresher training along the southern California coast. She got underway for Pearl Harbor on 4 April, arrived there on 10 April, and held a week of training exercises.
She then continued on to Ulithi and moored there on 28 April. On 14 May, several Japanese planes penetrated the combat air patrol to get at the carriers; one crashed into Admiral Mitscher's flagship. Alabama ' s guns splashed two, and assisted in splashing two more. Later on, Alabama rode out a typhoon on 4—5 June, suffering only superficial damage, while Pittsburgh lost her bow. On board Alabama to observe the operation was the retired Rear Admiral Richard Byrd , the famed polar explorer.
On 9 August, Alabama transferred a medical party to the destroyer Ault , for further transfer to Borie.
The latter had been struck by a kamikaze plane on that date and required prompt medical aid at her distant warning radar picket station. Alabama suffered only five casualties during the war, while repelling enemy air attacks on 21 February , dual 5-inch 38 caliber mount no. Five men died, and 11 were wounded in the mishap. Mississippi BB and Idaho BB , but even this higher rez shot is not clear enough to tell which is which. Also are the rest of the "Big Five" and what is probably one of the Nevada's , but that is not certain.
The photo is not clear enough for positive identifications. Commemorative postal cover of the Mississippi BB , 19 December Mississippi BB underway in a Pacific port, circa post mid 's. Among the ships in the harbor are: Within that group, only New Orleans lacked the glassed-in navigation bridge below the pilothouse , and minor superstructure variations point to the other being Minneapolis rather than Astoria CA The battleships from left to right: On the far right is the Hospital ship Relief AH-1 with two unidentified ships ahead and to her port side.
Photo courtesy of Edward Cwalinski, submitted by Barry Litchfield. Operating at sea during the later s. She has three SOC aircraft on her catapults. The original photograph is dated 20 March , about a dozen years after it was actually taken.
USS Alabama (BB) - Wikipedia
Portland CL is behind Pennsylvania and the bow of a New Mexico class battleship is at the extreme left. Photo courtesy of Roger Reynolds. Mississippi BB anchored with radio antennas in the background. Starboard broadside view of the Mississippi BB as rebuilt. The three New Mexico's BB were the last to be rebuilt. They could be distinguished by their searchlight platforms. The Mississippi and Idaho BB had theirs far above their controls, with long struts, but the New Mexico BB had her control cabins directly under the lights.
Quite unlike their predecessors, they had tower masts supporting Mark 5-inch directors, the first to combine range finder and calculator into a single unit. The small cylinders were mark 31 directors, with an armored range finder at the forward end of the bridge structure.
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Below it, were secondary battery controls and battle lookout stations note the eye slits , with the navigating bridge below that, then the chart house platform, the radio direction-finder platform, and the conning tower platform. Note the four 0. The radio direction finder itself was housed between the funnel and the bridge structure.
The Idaho , fitted as a flagship, had a flag bridge below her navigating bridge. Her chart house was on the radio direction-finder platform. Partial text courtesy of U. Note that she still mounts a range dial, mounted above the bridge. This and those remaining on other older battleships, were removed at the beginning of WW II. Probable front and rear photos here and below showing formations of aircraft flying over U. The aircraft following are: The Yorktown and Enterprise were the only two carriers whose bombing squadrons were equipped with the Northrop BT The text for the photo reads: At least seventy-five tons of rubber, enough to makes 17, tires, are used in the construction of each of these battleships.
Tons more are needed for the naval planes that are making history over the world.
Medical and communication requirements--and countless other needs of the Navy--are met. Fourth is the Oklahoma BB no birdbath. Aside from the DD now in the lead, I see nothing in the head-on shot aerial that positively differs from the ID's of the first 4 BB's in the first photo. Everything I see supports these three photos all being part of the same operation with at least the first 5 BB's remaining in the same order.
Classic Warships Publishing, Pictorial Histories Pub Co, Timeline from Battleship Arizona: Naval Institute Press, Probable front and rear photos here and above showing formations of aircraft flying over U. New Mexico BB is leading the BB column while the remaining battleships have dual masthead fire control structures. The air group formation in the two photos appears to be similar. The perspective makes it difficult to sort the monoplanes and biplanes into their respective types. I suppose it's possible that the photographer was in that Helldiver's rear seat.
What stands out for me is the presence of nine extra fighters beyond the normal squadron composition of 18, as seen in the other three squadrons in this formation. She is pictured here in company with other ships of the Pacific Fleet taken during Fleet Ops. Submitted by Pieter Bakels. The Mississippi is the first ship to be docked in the newly completed facility. From the Collection of Rear Admiral Ret. Jack Bowling, submitted by his grandson, Breck Perkins. Lt , Photo No. She is equipped with the then "state of the art" quadruple 1.
She has also just been fitted with 20mm Oerkilons, but still was equipped with 0. The camouflaged ship alongside the near side of the next pier is George F. New Mexico is in the process of being painted up in splotches. The sun is very low, coming strong off the port bow.
This is causing the angled surfaces on the bridge and all other shapes in the same plane to appear to be "washed out" of color.
Note the sailors on top of turret 1 left side of photo, extreme bottom. They are applying 5-H. Earlier they had spilled some on the roof, leaving a circle from the paint can. Mississippi BB in the background is still in Measure 1. Close-ups show her caulk marked to be painted in splotches of S. Idaho BB not shown , New Mexico and the vessel behind her all carried standard three color splotch patterns of 5-S, and 5-H. June, photo of the ship at San Pedro before many modifications were done. Elaborate searchlight controls have been eliminated and 20mm guns supplement her four quadruple 1.
On 6 December , after participating in exercises off Hawaii, she steamed with troop transports to the Fiji Islands, returning to Pearl Harbor 2 March Mississippi BB appears here on 3 March in Hawaii. A platform has been added to her conning tower for a single millimeter antiaircraft gun; her gun deck gun is a manually-operated dual-purpose 3-inch caliber.
Mounted just ahead of her periscopes is an SJ surface-search and torpedo-control radar. The small tripod forward of the deck gun supports an early type of underwater listening equipment. S displays no identification except her national ensign, and wears dull black wartime submarine finish. Mississippi BB Plan view aft. Checking rations on the life rafts, hanging laundry, working on the funnel, etc. Photo taken a little bit more to starboard of the above photo. Note the Inch perforated parabolic Mk. Note the circled Mk. Atop her foremast "SG", a cm surface search radar.
USN photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels. All three battleships then proceeded with the Marshall Islands assault force 12 January Mississippi BB inboard profile, , largely unchanged since her reconstruction in the 's. It shows the ship's starboard side, superstructure ends and exposed decks. It shows the ship's port side, superstructure ends and exposed decks. Puget Sound Navy Yard, Photo taken by Ship, 2 May Gun lifted clear of trunnions and returned to level position to level position for un-sleeving device.
Seattle NARA photo Cap square shifted over. Upper portion of flameproof seals installed on inboard deck lugs. Mississippi BB is in background across the pier. Released 6 July Compare the radical difference in the camouflage patterns between starboard and port. This plan, approved by Captain Torvald A. Solberg, USN, is dated 18 August It shows the ship's starboard side, horizontal surfaces and superstructure ends. Solberg, USN, is dated 19 August It shows the ship's port side.
Note line of shell passers in the background, and the gun's breech in the lower right foreground. After a week of continuous operations, Mississippi BB then steamed to Manus, where she remained until 12 October The dry-dock was used for forward repair of non seriously damaged ships in the final Pacific War push. As the dry-docks were displacement limited, as to their capacity, fuel and sometimes ammunition had to be offloaded to "lighten ship". In this instance, , gallons of fuel had to be offloaded in order to meet the lifting capacity of the dry-dock. Next to her is the Delta AR A line drawing by A.
Raven of the Mississippi BB in November Lingayen Invasion, January Photographed from New Mexico BB Mississippi is painted in camouflage Measure 32, Design 6D. Two other destroyer types are present at each side of the photo. Walke is painted in what appears to be Camouflage Measure 31, Design 25D.
Mississippi's camouflage is Measure 32, Design 6D. Oldendorf , Mississippi left Manus on 12 October and arrived off Leyte on the 19th, when she began the coastal bombardment. Additionally, the narrow strait forced the Japanese to steam in line ahead, while Mississippi and the other battleships were stationed at the entrance, where they were able to fire full broadsides. As a result, Nishimura was unable to avoid having his "T" crossed. In the ensuing action, American destroyers inflicted heavy damage on the Japanese force, which was then annihilated by the concentrated fire from the battleships.
Mississippi , which was equipped with older fire control radar, had trouble identifying targets in the darkness, and so fired only one gun salvo, after Oldendorf had given the order to cease fire. This salvo was the last fired in the action, and proved to be the last time a battleship fired its guns at another battleship. Mississippi remained off Leyte, providing gunfire support until 16 November, when she withdrew to the Admiralty Islands to make preparations for the next operation.
The ship began shelling Japanese positions on the island of Luzon on 6 January During the bombardment, a Japanese kamikaze struck the ship, but she remained on station, bombarding the Japanese defenses, until 10 February, when she withdrew to Pearl Harbor for repairs. She returned to service in time to join the invasion fleet that attacked Okinawa , arriving off Nakagusuku Wan on 6 May.
She shelled Shuri Castle , inflicting heavy damage on a major strongpoint in the Japanese defensive line. Another kamikaze initially identified as a friendly plane  hit the ship on 5 June, but she remained in action off Okinawa until 16 June. She was present during the signing of the surrender documents on 2 September in Tokyo Bay. Four days later, she left Japanese waters, bound for the United States. She reached Norfolk on 27 November. Upon arriving in Norfolk, the ship was converted into a gunnery training ship , and was assigned the hull number AG on 15 February In some references her hull number is given as EAG The initially planned armament as a training ship differed somewhat from that actually installed.
It is unclear if a proposed mixed 20 mm Oerlikon battery of quadruple, twin, and single mounts was installed. In April she effectively replaced Wyoming as an anti-aircraft training ship, with Wyoming mooring at a pier across from Mississippi and the bulk of Wyoming ' s crew "cross-decking" to Mississippi.
The first test firings of a ship-borne Terrier missile took place on 28—29 January off Cape Cod. On 17 February, Mississippi was decommissioned at Norfolk, sold for scrap to Bethlehem Steel on 28 November, and subsequently broken up. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other ships with the same name, see USS Mississippi. New Mexico -class battleships. New Mexico Mississippi Idaho.