After the Texas Rangers cleaned it up, Galveston developed into a tourist town. Historic preservation projects such as houses, buildings, museums, and the square-rigged ship Elissa completed its evolution. McComb, a professor at Colorado State University, has published numerous books and articles on Texas history, including a history of Galveston published by the University of Texas Press.
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Galveston: A History
Ruby and Norris Wright Cuney , worked to establish educational and employment opportunities for blacks and organize black voters to support the Republican Party , then the main party supporting black rights in the South. Cuney's efforts led to higher employment and higher wages for blacks in the city, especially on the wharves , and eventually led to combined black and white trade unions during the s and early s. By noon, low-lying areas near the Gulf and the Bay side of the city were flooding and the winds increased.
An account of the events surrounding the hurricane, based on his personal records, is given in Isaac's Storm by Erik Larson. The city was devastated, and an estimated 6, to 12, people on the island were killed. Despite attempts to draw new investment to the city after the hurricane, Galveston has never fully returned to its previous levels of national importance or prosperity. Development was also hindered by the construction of the Houston Ship Channel , which brought the Port of Houston into direct competition with the natural harbor of the Port of Galveston for sea traffic.
Galveston: A History of the Island
To further her recovery, and rebuild her population, Galveston actively solicited immigration. Through the efforts of Rabbi Henry Cohen and Congregation B'nai Israel , Galveston became the focus of an immigration plan called the Galveston Movement that, between and , diverted roughly 10, Eastern European , Jewish immigrants from the crowded cities of the Northeastern United States.
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Though the storm stalled economic development and the city of Houston grew into the region's principal metropolis, Galveston regained some of its former glory. Recognizing the need for Galveston to diversify from the traditional port-related industries, in , William Lewis Moody, Jr. Two years later, Mr. A military facility by the US Army Coastal Artillery on Galveston Island was established in the late s and construction, which was disrupted by the Galveston Hurricane of , was completed in the early s, with the facility being named Fort Crockett in Troops bound for France were trained in the use of several types of artillery.
During the Second World War, focus was placed on defense against German U-boats, and the fort also served as a prisoner of war camp. Following the war, Fort Crockett served for several years as an army recreational center. The railway was recognized as the fastest interurban line in and During the s and s, the city re-emerged as a major tourist destination. Combined with prostitution, which had existed in the city since the American Civil War, Galveston became known as the sin city of the Gulf. One of the most famous was the annual " Pageant of Pulchritude " beauty contest.
The s and s brought much change to the Island City.
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KLUF radio began broadcasting in Later it was replaced by the 10th anti-submarine squadron, flying RM Lockheed Venturas. In , William Lewis Moody, Jr. The end of the war drastically reduced military investment in the island.
Galveston: A History of the Island – Galveston Historical Foundation
Increasing enforcement of gambling laws and the growth of Las Vegas put pressure on the gaming industry on the island. The economy of the island entered a long, stagnant period. Many businesses relocated off of the island. By , the city of Houston had long out-paced Galveston in population and economic growth. Recognizing this, the Reverend Wendelin J.
Nold, fifth bishop of the Galveston Diocese, was permitted by the Vatican to erect a Cathedral of convenience in Houston, naming Sacred Heart Church as co-cathedral. The diocese was then re-designated the Diocese of Galveston-Houston. Mary's Cathedral Basilica still remained the home of the diocese, but now the bishop could more easily access the rapidly growing Roman Catholic population in Houston.
Beginning in , the Galveston Historical Foundation began its efforts to preserve historic buildings. Restoration efforts financed by motivated investors, notably Houston businessman George P.
Mitchell , gradually created the Strand Historic District and reinvented other areas. A new, family-oriented tourism emerged in the city over many years. The s saw the expansion of higher education in Galveston. In the s, property values rose after expensive projects were completed  and demand for second homes increased.
The city population remained relatively the same from to according to the U. Among the reasons cited were low elevation and the single evacuation route off the island which is blocked by the fourth largest city in the United States, Houston. Discussions are currently under way to build a so-called Ike Dike which would protect Galveston and the bay. The project was still under discussion in although the Sierra Club and other environmentalists were warning about the risk to marine life in the area. Several groups were providing their own recommendations on the technical aspects and design of the storm-surge protection system.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Open Era of Galveston. Handbook of Texas Online. The Texas History Teachers' Bulletin. Real Academia de la Historia. Archived from the original on Isaac's Storm, Random House. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Archived from the original on October 18, Galveston Chamber of Commerce. Barrington, Carol; Kearney, Sydney Day Trips from Houston: Getaway Ideas for the Local Traveler. Mary's still battles the storms".
Galveston and American Immigration, —". Humanities Texas Teacher Institutes. Archived from the original on July 21, Black Unionism in the Industrial South. Retrieved 4 January Archived from the original PDF on American National Insurance Company.