Latinos in Chicago and the Midwest
Census Bureau, Census and Population Estimates. The rapid growth of the Latino youth population can be attributed to two main factors. First, past immigration of Hispanics to the United States—primarily from Latin America and Mexico—has resulted in a large number of Latinos who are now in their prime childbearing years, compared to other racial and ethnic groups. Second, although the fertility rate among Latinas has fallen sharply in recent years, from 2.
In the United States, the overall replacement-level fertility, or the rate needed for a generation to replace itself, is around 2.
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Historically, the Latino population has been highly concentrated in the Southwest and West, and in a few metropolitan areas outside these regions, such as Chicago, Miami, and New York. In , 58 percent of Latino youth still lived in just four states: California, Florida, New York, and Texas.
Latinos in Chicago and the Midwest
However, Latino families and children are increasingly dispersing to other parts of the United States, especially to states in the Sun Belt. Eight of the 10 states with the fastest-growing populations of Latino children between and were located in the South. Just three states—California, Florida, and Texas—accounted for 41 percent of the increase in the Latino youth population between and The rapid increase in Latino youth in these states reflects a combination of factors, including a rebounding economy that has fueled domestic and international migration to many Sun Belt states, and recent immigration trends that contributed to rapid population growth among first- and second-generation Latinos, especially from Mexico.
In , states in parts of Appalachia, the Mid-Atlantic region, Florida, and New Hampshire had the highest proportions of first-generation Latino children.
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Second-generation Hispanic children were most highly concentrated in the Southeastern, Mid-Atlantic, and Western regions. And third- and higher-generation Latino children had the highest concentrations in the Northeast and several states in the Northern Midwest and Mountain West regions. The Northeast includes many families and children from Puerto Rico who are U. While the report paints a comprehensive picture of Latino child well-being, it also shows that outcomes and trends are not uniform and vary across regions and states.
Trends and Challenges Facing America’s Latino Children
States in the Southeast, for example, which have had newer influxes of immigrants over the past decade, also have higher rates of first- and second- generation Latinos. Young Hispanics in these states tend to have worse educational and economic outcomes than those whose families have lived in the United States for several generations. On the other hand, Southeastern states also have much lower rates of childhood obesity than states in the Southwest, which have more third-generation youth. Obesity, among other negative outcomes, tends to increase with time spent in the United States; these acculturation-related trends will be especially important to tackle as the number of third- and higher-generation Latino youth increases over time.
List of U.S. states by Hispanic and Latino population
Understanding how Latino children have been faring over time and across states can help us ensure that our nation—our schools, our clinics, our practitioners and policymakers—make the right decisions to support these children so that they may thrive and develop into healthy, productive adults.
Rapid Increase in Latino Youth In , there were How Are Latino Youth Faring? In , more than three-fifths of Latino youth 62 percent lived in low-income families families with income below percent of the official poverty line. Marc Zimmerman Pub Date: University of Illinois Press.
Latinos in Chicago and the Midwest. Latina Lives in Milwaukee.
Illegal Reflections of an Undocumented Immigrant. Copyright by the Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. Latinos in Chicago and the Midwest Acquiring Editor: Dawn Durante Series Editor: