Chimera production release 1.
The Mac version requires OS These versions require OS Mac users are advised to hold off upgrading to Mojave until we find a fix for Chimera buttons not being shown until the windows containing them are resized. UCSF Chimera is a highly extensible program for interactive visualization and analysis of molecular structures and related data, including density maps, supramolecular assemblies, sequence alignments, docking results, trajectories, and conformational ensembles.
High-quality images and animations can be generated. Chimera includes complete documentation and several tutorials, and can be downloaded free of charge for academic, government, nonprofit, and personal use. Multiple sequence alignment of structure chains in Chimera or realignment of the sequences in an existing alignment can be performed using web services hosted by the UCSF RBVI.
In , the sculpture was transported to the Uffizi Gallery and later, along with the remaining collection Cosimo I had originally seized, taken to the Palazzo della Crocetta.
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Court intellectuals of the time considered the Chimera of Arezzo to be a symbol of the Medici domination of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. Its permanent residence is in the National Archaeological Museum in Florence where it was placed on brief loan to the Getty Villa for an exhibition in The sculpture was probably commissioned by an aristocratic clan or a prosperous community and erected in a religious sanctuary near the ancient Etruscan town of Arezzo, about 50 miles southeast of Florence.
A bronze replica now stands near the spot of its original discovery. The Etruscan civilization was a wealthy civilization in ancient Italy with roots in the ancient region of Etruria , which existed during the early 8th-6th century BCE and extended over what is now a part of modern Tuscany , western Umbria , and northern Lazio.
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Heavily influenced by Ancient Greek culture, Etruscan art is characterized by the use of terracotta, metalworking —especially in bronze—as well as jewelry and engraved gems. It is not clear to historians exactly when trading with the Eastern Mediterranean began, however it is clear that both Phoenicians and Greeks must have been interested in the metal ores of Etruria, causing a rise in popularity of the art trade in these regions. Discovered on November 15, by constructions workers near the San Lorentio gate in Arezzo ancient Arretium ,  the sculpture was quickly claimed for the collection of the Medici Grand Duke of Tuscany , Cosimo I , who placed it publicly in the Palazzo Vecchio in the hall of Leo X.
Cosimo also placed the smaller bronzes from the trove in his own studiolo at Palazzo Pitti , where "the Duke took great pleasure in cleaning them by himself, with some goldsmith's tools," as Benvenuto Cellini reported in his autobiography. Italian painter Giorgio Vasari tracked down the statue motif by studying Ancient Greek and Roman coins, such as a silver stater  featuring an image of the Chimera, thus accurately identifying it. Eventually, it was officially identified as being a part of a larger piece illustrating a fight between the Chimera and the Greek hero Bellerophon.
The sculpture was found among other small pieces that served as votive offerings to the God Tinia. This sculpture may also have served as an Etruscan religious dedication. After discovery, it began its residence in Florence where it remained until its transportation in to the Uffizi Palace. As the sculpture made its way through the Florence museums, it increasingly attracted the attention of both artists and historians.
chimera - Wiktionary
Typical iconography of the Chimera myth depicts the warrior Bellerophon as he confronts the Chimera, or rides atop or alongside it. This iconography began to appear upon Greek vessels in BCE.
The Chimera is clearly expressing pain throughout its body. Similar to Hellenistic sculpture, the Chimera's form and body language express movement as well as the clear tension and power of the beast's musculature and evoke in the viewer a feeling of deep emotional pain and interest in the contemplation of that movement. Clearly influenced by Mediterranean myth culture, this bronze work is evidence of the mastery that Etruscan sculptors had not only over the medium but of mythological lore.
Maggiani gives details of a clear Italiote context by pointing out iconographic comparisons from sites in Magna Graecia such as Metaponto and Kaulonia. Ancient Athenians regarded themselves among the highest of society. Zygote , fertilized egg cell that results from the union of a female gamete egg, or ovum with a male gamete sperm.
In the embryonic development of humans and other animals, the zygote stage is brief and is followed by cleavage, when the single cell becomes subdivided into smaller cells. Egg , in biology, the female sex cell, or gamete. In botany, the egg is sometimes called a macrogamete. In zoology, the Latin term for egg, ovum , is frequently used to refer to the single cell, while the word egg may be applied to the entire specialized structure or capsule that….
Chimera , in Greek mythology, a fire-breathing female monster resembling a lion in the forepart, a goat in the middle, and a dragon behind. She devastated Caria and Lycia until she was slain by Bellerophon.
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