Hugh died around September and was buried in the churchyard of Govan, where Patrick Gillespie , then principal of the University of Glasgow, ordered a monument inscribed in Latin, roughly translated:. They were on the losing side in the Battle of Bothwell Bridge. Most of the rebels who were not executed were exiled to the Americas; about 30 Covenanters were exiled to the Carolinas on the Carolina Merchant in After the battle, John and Hanna were separated.
By , Jean was widowed. John Binning was branded a traitor, was sentenced to death and forfeited his property to the Crown. Since Bothwell Bridge, Hanna had been hiding from the authorities. In Hanna was in Edinburgh where she was found during a sweep for subversives and imprisoned in the Tolbooth of Edinburgh, a combination city hall and prison.
Those arrested with Hanna were exiled to North America, however she developed Dysentery and remained behind. By , near death, Hanna petitioned the Privy Council of Scotland for her release; she was exiled to her family in Ireland, where she died around There is little documentation about John after his wife's death.
Hugh Binning (1627-1653)
However, the income was not significant and John made several petitions to the Scottish parliament for money, the last occurring in It is thought that John died in Somerset county, in southwestern England. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Works of Hugh Binning: Spelling of names was not as precise in those days, e. Hugh M'Keil was imprisoned and tortured his foot was mangled to the point of compound fractures using the boot.
In the end, M'Kell was executed in Edinburgh on 22 December because he would not sign the Test Act — because his preaching would not conform to the Anglican tradition. Farewell the world, and all delights. Farewell meat and drink. Farewell sun, moon and stars. Welcome God and Father!
Welcome sweet Lord Jesus the Mediator of the new covenant! Welcome blessed Spirit of grace, and God of all consolation! The Works of the Rev. Hugh Binning Kindle Locations Biographia Scoticana Scots Worthies. Retrieved 11 January A Clergyman of the Church of Scotland, eds.
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Minister of the Parish of Govan, eds. Hugh Binning Kindle Edition. Torrance and Scottish Theology: E Littell, Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. July — June Treasury of the Scottish Covenant. Andrew Elliott, 17 Princes Street, Edinburgh. Robert Woodwrow, Minister of Eastwood, eds. Treatise of Christian Love.
The Scots Worthies, Vol 1.
Hugh Binning () — Reformed Presbyterian Church (Covenanted) - "Steelite" Covenanters
Retrieved 21 January Jardine's Book of Martyrs. Retrieved 19 January The Covenanters Banished on the Carolina Merchant in ". Retrieved 17 January Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history. Languages Svenska Edit links. This page was last edited on 13 March , at Three sermons on Deuteronomy Two sermons on Proverbs Two sermons on Isaiah 1: Two sermons on Isaiah Four sermons on Isaiah An Useful Case of Conscience.
A Treatise of Christian Love. Three sermons on 1 John 3: Two sermons on James 3: Three sermons on Matthew Five sermons on 1 Timothy 1: Five sermons on Matthew 6: Three sermons on 1 Peter 4: For the greatness of his spirit and capacity of judgment gave his parents good grounds to conceive the pleasing hope of his being a promising child. While he was at the grammar school, he made so great proficiency in the knowledge of the Latin tongue, and the Roman authors, that he outstripped his fellow-scholars, even such as were by some years older than himself.
When they went to their diversions, he declined their society, and chose to employ himself either in secret duty with God, or conference with religious people, thinking time was too precious to be lavished away in these things. He began to have sweet familiarity with God, and to live in near communion with Him, before others of his years began seriously to lay to heart their lost and undone state and condition by nature; so that before he arrived at the thirteenth or fourteenth year of his age, he had even attained to such experience in the ways of God, that the most judicious and exercised Christians in the place confessed they were much edified, strengthened, and comforted by him.
Nay, he provoked them to diligence in the duties of religion, being abundantly sensible that they were much outrun by such a youth. Before he was fourteen years of age, he entered upon the study of philosophy in the University of Glasgow, wherein he made very considerable progress; by which means he came to be taken notice of in the college by the professors and students, and at the same time advanced remarkably in religion also. The abstruse depths of philosophy, which are the torture of a slow genius and a weak capacity, he dived into without any pain or trouble; so that, by his ready apprehension of things, he was able to do more in one hour than some others could do in many days by hard study and close application; and yet he was ever humble, and never exalted with self-conceit, the common foible of young men.
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As soon as his course of philosophy was finished, he obtained the degree of Master of Arts with great applause; and began the study of divinity with a view to serve God in the holy ministry. At this time there happened to be a vacancy in the chair of Philosophy at the college of Glasgow, by the resignation of Mr James Dalrymple of Stair, who had for some time been his master; and though Binning was but lately his scholar, yet he determined, after much entreaty, to stand as a candidate for that post.
According to the usual laudable custom, the masters of the college emitted a programme, and sent it to all the universities of the kingdom, inviting such as had a mind for a professorship of philosophy, to sist themselves before them, and offer to compete for the preferment; giving assurance, that without partiality the place would be conferred upon him who should be found most worthy and most learned.
The ministers of the city of Glasgow, considering how much it was the interest of the Church that well qualified persons should be put into the profession of philosophy, and knowing that Mr Binning was eminently pious, and of a bright genius, as well as of solid judgment, requested him to sist himself among the other competitors. They had difficulty to overcome his modesty, but at last prevailed upon him to declare his willingness to undertake the dispute before the masters.
Among others, there were two candidates: Yet Mr Binning so managed the dispute, and so acquitted himself in all parts of his trial, that, to the conviction of the judges, he distanced his rivals, and threw them completely into the shade.
To this it was replied, that Mr Binning was such a pregnant scholar, so wise and sedate, as to be above all the follies and vanities of youth, and what was wanting in years was made up sufficiently by his more than ordinary and singular endowments. Whereupon, a member of the faculty, perceiving the struggle to be great as, indeed, there were plausible reasons on both sides , proposed a dispute betwixt the two candidates extempore, upon any subject they should be pleased to prescribe.
This being considered, soon put a period to the division amongst them, and those who had opposed him, not being willing to engage their friend with such an able antagonist a second time, Mr Binning was elected.
Binning was not quite nineteen years of age when he became regent and professor of philosophy; and though he had not time to prepare a system of any part of his profession, as he had instantly to begin his class, yet such was the quickness and fertility of his invention, the tenacity of his memory, and the solidity of his judgment, that his dictates to his scholars had depth of learning, and perspicuity of expression.
He was among the first in Scotland who began to reform philosophy from the barbarous terms and unintelligible jargon of the schoolmen. Binning continued in this profession three years, and discharged his trust so as to gain the general applause of the university for academical exercises. And this was the more remarkable, for, having turned his thoughts towards the ministry, he carried on his theological studies at the same time, and made great improvements therein; his memory being so retentive that he scarcely forgot anything he had read or heard. It was easy and ordinary for him to transcribe any sermon, after he returned to his chamber, at such a length that the intelligent and judicious reader, who had heard it preached, would not find one sentence wanting.
During this period, he gave full proof of his progress and knowledge in divinity, by a composition from 2 Cor. Having perused the same, she judged it to have been a sermon of some eminent minister in the west of Scotland, and put it into the hands of the then provost of Edinburgh, who judged of it in the same manner; but when she returned to Glasgow she found her mistake, by Mr Binning asking it from her. This was the first discovery he had given of his dexterity and ability in explaining the Scriptures.
At the expiration of three years as a professor of philosophy, the parish of Govan, which lies adjacent to the city of Glasgow, happened to be vacant. Before this time, whoever was Principal of the College of Glasgow, was also minister there; but this being attended with inconveniences, an alteration was made; and the presbytery having a view to supply that vacancy with Mr Binning, took him upon trials, in order to be licensed a preacher.
Having preached there to the great satisfaction of the people, he was some time after called to be minister of Govan; which call the presbytery approved of, and entered him upon trials for ordination about the twenty-second year of his age. These he went through, to the unanimous approbation of the presbytery; who gave their testimony to his fitness to be one of the ministers of the city upon the first vacancy, having a view at the same time to bring him back to the university, whenever the professorship of divinity should be vacant. He was, considering his age, a prodigy of learning; for before he had arrived at the twenty-sixth year of his life, he had such a large stock of useful knowledge, as to be philologus, philosophus, et theologus eximius philologist, philosopher, and excellent theologian ; and might well have been an ornament to the most famous and flourishing university in Europe.
This was the more surprising, considering his weakness and infirmity of body, as not being able to read much at a time, nor to undergo the fatigue of continual study; insomuch that his knowledge seemed rather to have been born with him, than to have been acquired by hard and laborious study.