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Koepsell describes how his interest in this area was awakened he wrote about software, which is both copyrightable as writing and patentable as a machine.

Koepsell, D.R. (David) | 4TU

The book is available as a free download or you can purchase it here. Science demands unfettered inquiry into the workings of nature, and replaces the confidence previously demanded over rote knowledge with a practiced skepticism, and ongoing investigation. With the rise of the age of science came the need to develop new means of treating information. Supplanting secret-keeping and obscurantism, the full sunlight of public and peer scrutiny could begin to continually cleanse false assumptions and beliefs, and help to perfect theories about the workings of the world.

Innovation and Nanotechnology

Science demanded disclosure, where trades and arts often encouraged secrets. And so as natural philosophers began to disseminate the results of their investigations into nature, new forms of trade, art, and industry began to emerge, as well as the demand for new means of protection in the absence of secrecy. Thus, as the scientific age was dawning, and helping to fuel a new technological revolution, modern forms of IP [intellectual property] protection such as patents and copyrights emerged as states sought to encourage the development of the aesthetic and useful arts.

Intellectual Property and Innovation, a European Assessment

By granting to authors and inventors a monopoly over the practice of their art, as long as they brought forth new and useful inventions or for artistic works, as long as they were new , nation states helped to attract productive and inventive artisans and trades into their borders. This sort of state-sanctioned centralization and monopoly helped build the industrial revolution by the account of many historians and economists, although this assumption has lately been challenged as investors now could commodify new technologies free from the threat of direct competition, secure in the safe harbor of a state-supported monopoly over the practice of a useful art for a period of time.


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In many ways, traditional IP [intellectual property] was and is deemed vital to the development of large industries and their infrastructures, and to the centralized, assembly-line factory mode of production that dominated the twentieth century. With the benefit of a state-sanctioned monopoly, industry could build sufficient infrastructure to dominate a market with a new technology for the duration of a patent.

Innovation and Nanotechnology: Converging Technologies and by David Koepsell

This confidence assured investors that there would be some period of return on the investment in which other potential competitors are held at bay, at least from practicing the art as claimed in the patent. Factories could be built, supply chains developed, and a market captured and profited from, and prices will not be subject to the ruthless dictates of supply and demand. Rather, because of the luxury of a protected market during the period of protection, innovators can inflate prices to not only recoup the costs of investment, but also profit as handsomely as the captive market will allow.


  1. About Innovation and Nanotechnology;
  2. Bernard & Mavis (Book One 1).
  3. Introduction.
  4. IP-адрес данного ресурса заблокирован в соответствии с действующим законодательством.!
  5. Poles Apart;
  6. Democracy in America - by Alexis de Tocqueville (V. 1 & 2 with linked TOC and footnotes).
  7. The Quite Mind?
  8. Koepsell argues that these rapidly developing new technologies demand a new approach to scientific discovery and innovation in our society. He takes established ideas from social philosophy and applies them to the nanoparticle world.

    Research profile

    In doing so he breaks down the subject into its elemental form and from there we are better able to understand how these elements fit into the construction of a more complex system of products, rules and regulations about these products. Where existing research in the field has tended to focus on potential social harm, Koepsell takes a different approach by looking at ways in which developments in distributed design and fabrication can be harnessed to enable wealth creation by those with good ideas but no access to capital.

    He argues that the key challenge facing us is the error implicit in current intellectual property regimes and presents new modes of relating inventors to artifacts in this new context.