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Family Secrets (A Cop in the Family Book 1)
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In French, the term police not only refers to the forces, but also to the general concept of "maintenance of law and order" policing. Also, the mayor le maire has administrative police power in a commune municipality , which means that he or she can order the police to enforce municipal bylaws. A judge has police power in his courtroom i.
Until , the National Police were involved in prehospital rescue operations and casualty transport called police-secours. Many other countries have followed the French model and have established separate police agencies with the same role but different jurisdictions. A local precinct of the "police nationale" called commissariat or the "gendarmerie nationale" called brigade may not be capable of conducting complex investigations. In addition, both the police and the gendarmerie maintain laboratories dedicated to forensics.
The forensics service of the police is called Police technique et scientifique Technical and Scientific Police. Most criminal enquiries are conducted by the police.
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Justice may choose either service; sometimes, if the judiciary is disappointed by the results or the methods of one service, it may give the enquiry to the other service. The National Police also features some central offices with national jurisdiction, charged with specific missions, such as the national anti-terrorist division. Both the police and the gendarmerie have police tactical units. The gendarmerie also has armoured and paratroop squadrons. Both the police and the gendarmerie have crowd and riot control forces: They intervene throughout the country.
One reason for giving commission to a military force to handle matters of civilian police is that the military is not allowed to go on strike, contrary to civilian public servants such as the police personnel, which enables the government to always have an instrument of law enforcement at hand. Another advantage of the gendarmerie is that, being career soldiers, they have the authority to use armed force in a much less restricted way than the police in popular culture so-called licence to kill.
The gendarmes have free housing facilities inside their respective gendarmerie brigades precincts or live in barracks casernes , which is not the case for the police. The police administrative comprises a variety of actions undertaken under the direction and supervision of the executive branch , notably the prefect , police and gendarmerie forces conduct a variety of actions ensuring public order.
The police judiciaire comprise a variety of actions undertaken under the direction and supervision of the judiciary.
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In order to better fulfill these missions, the Direction Centrale de la Police Judiciaire of the French National Police regroups all the units specialized in criminal enquiries.