This confuses the women and alarms Faber, who is listening remotely. Mildred tries to dismiss Montag's actions as a tradition firemen act out once a year: Montag proceeds to recite the poem Dover Beach , causing Mrs. At the behest of Faber in the ear-piece, Montag burns the book. Mildred's friends leave in disgust, while Mildred takes more sleeping pills. Montag hides his books in the backyard before returning to the firehouse late at night with just the stolen Bible.
He finds Beatty playing cards with the other firemen. Montag hands Beatty a book to cover for the one he believes Beatty knows he stole the night before, which is unceremoniously tossed into the trash. Beatty tells Montag that he had a dream in which they fought endlessly by quoting books to each other. Thus Beatty reveals that, despite his disillusionment, he was once an enthusiastic reader. A fire alarm sounds, and Beatty picks up the address from the dispatcher system.
They drive recklessly in the fire truck to the destination: Beatty orders Montag to destroy his own house, telling him that his wife and her friends reported him after what happened the other night. Montag watches as Mildred walks out of the house, too traumatized about losing her parlor wall family to even acknowledge her husband's existence or the situation going on around her, and catches a taxi.
Montag obeys the chief, destroying the home piece by piece with a flamethrower , but Beatty discovers Montag's ear-piece and plans to hunt down Faber. Montag threatens Beatty with the flamethrower and, after Beatty taunts him, burns his boss alive and knocks his coworkers unconscious. As Montag escapes the scene, the Mechanical Hound attacks him, managing to inject his leg with a tranquilizer. He destroys the Hound with the flamethrower and limps away.
Before he escapes, however, he realizes that Beatty had wanted to die a long time ago and had purposely goaded Montag as well as provided him with a weapon. Montag runs through the city streets towards Faber's house. Faber urges him to make his way to the countryside and contact the exiled book-lovers who live there.
He mentions he will be leaving on an early bus heading to St. Louis and that he and Montag can rendezvous there later. On Faber's television, they watch news reports of another Mechanical Hound being released, with news helicopters following it to create a public spectacle. After wiping his scent from around the house in hopes of thwarting the Hound, Montag leaves Faber's house. He escapes the manhunt by wading into a river and floating downstream.
Montag leaves the river in the countryside, where he meets the exiled drifters, led by a man named Granger. The drifters are all former intellectuals. They have each memorized books should the day arrive that society comes to an end and is forced to rebuild itself anew, with the survivors learning to embrace the literature of the past. Granger asks Montag what he has to contribute to the group and Montag finds that he had partially memorized the Book of Ecclesiastes.
While learning the philosophy of the exiles, Montag and the group watch helplessly as bombers fly overhead and annihilate the city with nuclear weapons: While Faber would have left on the early bus, everyone else including Mildred is immediately killed. Montag and the group are injured and dirtied, but manage to survive the shockwave. The following morning, Granger teaches Montag and the others about the legendary phoenix and its endless cycle of long life, death in flames, and rebirth. He adds that the phoenix must have some relationship to mankind, which constantly repeats its mistakes, but explains that man has something the phoenix does not: Granger then muses that a large factory of mirrors should be built so that people can take a long look at themselves and reflect on their lives.
When the meal is over, the exiles return to the city to rebuild society. The title page of the book explains the title as follows: Fahrenheit —The temperature at which book paper catches fire and burns Bradbury's lifelong passion for books began at an early age. After graduating from high school, Bradbury's family could not afford for him to attend college so Bradbury began spending time at the Los Angeles Public Library where he essentially educated himself.
Wells , because, at the time, they were not deemed literary enough. Between this and learning about the destruction of the Library of Alexandria ,  a great impression was made on the young man about the vulnerability of books to censure and destruction. Later, as a teenager, Bradbury was horrified by the Nazi book burnings  and later by Joseph Stalin 's campaign of political repression, the " Great Purge ", in which writers and poets, among many others, were arrested and often executed. Shortly after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki at the conclusion of World War II , the United States focused its concern on the Soviet atomic bomb project and the expansion of communism.
The House Un-American Activities Committee HUAC , formed in to investigate American citizens and organizations suspected of having communist ties, held hearings in to investigate alleged communist influence in Hollywood movie-making. These hearings resulted in the blacklisting of the so-called " Hollywood Ten ",  a group of influential screenwriters and directors. This governmental interference in the affairs of artists and creative types greatly angered Bradbury. The rise of Senator Joseph McCarthy 's hearings hostile to accused communists , beginning in , deepened Bradbury's contempt for government overreach.
By about , the Cold War was in full swing, and the American public's fear of nuclear warfare and communist influence was at a feverish level. The stage was set for Bradbury to write the dramatic nuclear holocaust ending of Fahrenheit , exemplifying the type of scenario feared by many Americans of the time. Bradbury's early life witnessed the Golden Age of Radio , while the transition to the Golden Age of Television began right around the time he started to work on the stories that would eventually lead to Fahrenheit Bradbury saw these forms of media as a threat to the reading of books, indeed as a threat to society, as he believed they could act as a distraction from important affairs.
This contempt for mass media and technology would express itself through Mildred and her friends and is an important theme in the book. Fahrenheit developed out of a series of ideas Bradbury had visited in previously written stories. For many years, he tended to single out "The Pedestrian" in interviews and lectures as sort of a proto- Fahrenheit In the Preface of his anthology Match to Flame: The Fictional Paths to Fahrenheit he states that this is an oversimplification.
The following covers the most salient aspects. In late ,  Bradbury was stopped and questioned by a police officer while walking late one night. In The Pedestrian , Leonard Mead is harassed and detained by the city's remotely operated police cruiser there's only one for taking nighttime walks, something that has become extremely rare in this future-based setting: Alone and without an alibi , Mead is taken to the "Psychiatric Center for Research on Regressive Tendencies" for his peculiar habit.
Fahrenheit would later echo this theme of an authoritarian society distracted by broadcast media. Bradbury expanded the book-burning premise of "Bright Phoenix"  and the totalitarian future of "The Pedestrian"  into "The Fireman", a novella published in the February issue of Galaxy Science Fiction.
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Urged by a publisher at Ballantine Books to double the length of his story to make a novel, Bradbury returned to the same typing room and expanded his work into Fahrenheit , again taking just nine days. Bradbury has supplemented the novel with various front and back matter , including a coda,  a afterword ,  a foreword , and several introductions.
Shortly after the paperback, a hardback version was released that included a special edition of signed and numbered copies bound in asbestos. Starting in January , Fahrenheit was subject to expurgation by its publisher, Ballantine Books with the release of the "Bal-Hi Edition" aimed at high school students. In the one case, a drunk man became a "sick man" while cleaning fluff out of a human navel became "cleaning ears" in the other.
In , one of Bradbury's friends showed him an expurgated copy. Bradbury demanded that Ballantine Books withdraw that version and replace it with the original, and in the original version once again became available. In this reinstated work, in the Author's Afterword, Bradbury relates to the reader that it is not uncommon for a publisher to expurgate an author's work, but he asserts that he himself will not tolerate the practice of manuscript "mutilation".
An audiobook version read by Bradbury himself was released in and received a Spoken Word Grammy nomination. In , Galaxy Science Fiction reviewer Groff Conklin placed the novel "among the great works of the imagination written in English in the last decade or more. When the novel was first published, there were those who did not find merit in the tale. Anthony Boucher and J. Francis McComas were less enthusiastic, faulting the book for being "simply padded, occasionally with startlingly ingenious gimmickry, Schuyler Miller characterized the title piece as "one of Bradbury's bitter, almost hysterical diatribes," while praising its "emotional drive and compelling, nagging detail.
In the years since its publication, Fahrenheit has occasionally been banned, censored, or redacted in some schools by parents and teaching staff either unaware of or indifferent to the inherent irony in such censorship. The following are some notable incidents:. Discussions about Fahrenheit often center on its story foremost as a warning against state-based censorship. Indeed, when Bradbury wrote the novel during the McCarthy era , he was concerned about censorship in the United States. During a radio interview in ,   Bradbury said:. I wrote this book at a time when I was worried about the way things were going in this country four years ago.
Too many people were afraid of their shadows; there was a threat of book burning. Many of the books were being taken off the shelves at that time. And of course, things have changed a lot in four years. Things are going back in a very healthy direction. But at the time I wanted to do some sort of story where I could comment on what would happen to a country if we let ourselves go too far in this direction, where then all thinking stops, and the dragon swallows his tail, and we sort of vanish into a limbo and we destroy ourselves by this sort of action.
As time went by, Bradbury tended to dismiss censorship as a chief motivating factor for writing the story. Instead he usually claimed that the real messages of Fahrenheit were about the dangers of an illiterate society infatuated with mass media and the threat of minority and special interest groups to books.
In the late s, Bradbury recounted:. In writing the short novel Fahrenheit , I thought I was describing a world that might evolve in four or five decades. But only a few weeks ago, in Beverly Hills one night, a husband and wife passed me, walking their dog. I stood staring after them, absolutely stunned.
The woman held in one hand a small cigarette-package-sized radio, its antenna quivering. From this sprang tiny copper wires which ended in a dainty cone plugged into her right ear. There she was, oblivious to man and dog, listening to far winds and whispers and soap-opera cries, sleep-walking, helped up and down curbs by a husband who might just as well not have been there.
This was not fiction. This story echoes Mildred's "Seashell ear-thimbles" i. In a interview, Bradbury maintained that people misinterpret his book and that Fahrenheit is really a statement on how mass media like television marginalizes the reading of literature.
There is more than one way to burn a book.
And the world is full of people running about with lit matches. Students, reading the novel, which, after all, deals with censorship and book-burning in the future, wrote to tell me of this exquisite irony. Judy-Lynn del Rey , one of the new Ballantine editors, is having the entire book reset and republished this summer with all the damns and hells back in place. Book-burning censorship, Bradbury would argue, was a side-effect of these two primary factors; this is consistent with Captain Beatty's speech to Montag about the history of the firemen.
According to Bradbury, it is the people, not the state, who are the culprit in Fahrenheit A variety of other themes in the novel besides censorship have been suggested. Two major themes are resistance to conformity and control of individuals via technology and mass media. Bradbury explores how the government is able to use mass media to influence society and suppress individualism through book burning.
The characters Beatty and Faber point out that the American population is to blame. Due to their constant desire for a simplistic, positive image, books must be suppressed. Beatty blames the minority groups, who would take offense to published works that displayed them in an unfavorable light. Faber went further to state that the American population simply stopped reading on their own. He notes that the book burnings themselves became a form of entertainment for the general public.
Bradbury described himself as "a preventor of futures, not a predictor of them. Rather, he states that education must be at the kindergarten and first-grade level. If students are unable to read then, they will be unable to read Fahrenheit In terms of technology, Sam Weller notes that Bradbury "predicted everything from flat-panel televisions to earbud headphones and twenty-four-hour banking machines. The play combined plot ideas from Fahrenheit and Nineteen Eighty-Four. Bradbury sued and eventually won on appeal. A new film adaptation directed by Ramin Bahrani and starring Michael B.
In the late s Bradbury adapted his book into a play. At least part of it was performed at the Colony Theatre in Los Angeles in , but it was not in print until and the official world premiere was only in November by the Fort Wayne, Indiana Civic Theatre. The stage adaptation diverges considerably from the book and seems influenced by Truffaut's movie. For example, fire chief Beatty's character is fleshed out and is the wordiest role in the play. As in the movie, Clarisse does not simply disappear but in the finale meets up with Montag as a book character she as Robert Louis Stevenson , he as Edgar Allan Poe.
In , the novel was adapted into a computer text adventure game of the same name by the software company Trillium. In June , a graphic novel edition of the book was published. Entitled Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit The Authorized Adaptation ,  the paperback graphic adaptation was illustrated by Tim Hamilton. The film takes a critical look at the presidency of George W.
Bush , the War on Terror , and its coverage in the news media, and became the highest grossing documentary of all time. Centigrade is a poem by Robert Calvert , published in a book and released as an album in The title alludes to Fahrenheit by its metric equivalent, "signifying the writer destroying his rough drafts". In book 14 of the Guardians of Ga'Hoole series by Kathryn Lasky , published in , Braithe states that the name of the Place of Living Books, also called Brad , comes from an author's name: We call him Ray Brad. We think it's only scraps of his name but what is important is that he wrote about book burning ", thus referencing Fahrenheit From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the novel. For other uses, see Fahrenheit disambiguation. First edition cover clothbound. Fahrenheit film and Fahrenheit film.
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Fahrenheit video game. One interpretation is that he means the 20th century, which would place the novel in at least the 24th century. This sets a lower bound on the time setting. In later decades, some editions have changed this year to or Laughlin, Charlotte; Lee, Billy C. The first paperback edition featured illustrations by Joe Mugnaini and contained two stories in addition to the title tale: In Bloom, Harold ; Hobby, Blake. While Fahrenheit begins as a dystopic novel about a totalitarian government that bans reading, the novel ends with Montag relishing the book he has put to memory.
The New York Times: Critical Companions to Popular Contemporary Writers. Fahrenheit is considered one of Bradbury's best works. A Companion to Science Fiction. Blackwell Companions to Literature and Culture. Narrated by Norman Rose. Retrieved February 2, Boyle May 30, Retrieved August 3, Bradbury still has a lot to say, especially about how people do not understand his most famous literary work, Fahrenheit , published in Bradbury, a man living in the creative and industrial center of reality TV and one-hour dramas, says it is, in fact, a story about how television destroys interest in reading literature.
Conversations with Ray Bradbury. University Press of Mississippi. Commonwealth Club of California. Retrieved March 5, The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction. Prometheus Awards, A Short History". Retrieved August 9, The New York Times. Retrieved August 10, Fahrenheit is set in an unnamed city in the United States, possibly in the Midwest, in some undated future. Dictionary of Midwestern Literature. Fahrenheit is not set in any specific locale Readings on Fahrenheit Montag does not realize at first that she is gone, or that he misses her; he simply feels that something is the matter.
The Mechanical Hound is an eight-legged glass and metal contraption that serves as a surveillance tool and programmable killing machine for the firemen, who use it to track down suspected book hoarders and readers. Montag's new neighbor, the sixteen-year-old Clarisse, appears in only a few scenes at the beginning of the novel.
News and World Report. The View from the Cheap Seats. He called the Los Angeles fire department and asked them at what temperature paper burned. Fahrenheit , somebody told him. He had his title. It didn't matter if it was true or not. Close to The Gobbins walk and magnificent Causeway Coast.
I had dinner for two nights and the food was good and competitively priced.
Staff allowed him to clean table and go into the kitchen. Nice breakfast which we had delivered to room. Overall very nice experience, my only complaint that there was mould in the bathroom round the edge of the bath. Bar prices expensive and failed to deal with some guests who were very loud and riotous so spoiled for all other guests. Rooms were ok food ok. Having to move on.
Staff were so friendly and helpful. The room was too hot, no small windows, only large door to get ventilation through. Cigarette burns on the table in a no smoking room. Hotel location good for engineers job. On arrival met by reception who was unhelpful and rude even after explaining the confusion. Great location for exploring and comfortable base for after busy days out enjoying Belfast. Being charged twice for a room! The bed was too hard. Breakfast poor - overcooked eggs, poor toaster. Surrounded by building work during the day. This work looks likely to last for some time and hotel is about to launch redevelopment work of its own.
Hotel is really better than it's 3 star rating and very inexpensive compared to nearby Belfast. The room was very clean and the bed was so big and comfortable. Will definitely stay again. Checking out time to early especially after a wedding. Great hotel lovely breakfast. Please enter a valid email address.
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Great location for exploring and comfortable base for after busy days out enjoying Belfast Nicola, Ireland. Very nice hotel, the rooms were clean and tidy and the communal areas well presented and maintained. Absolutely everything was perfect from the moment we walked through the door.. Previous image of the property Next image of the property. Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property Image of the property.
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Single Room 1 double bed. Double Room 1 double bed. Twin Room 2 single beds. Loughshore Hotel was booked 3 times on our site in the last 12 hours. See availability Hotel surroundings — Great location - show map Guests loved walking around the neighbourhood! Closest landmarks Carrickfergus Marina. Ulster Folk and Transport Museum. Harland and Wolff Cranes - Samson and Goliath. Restaurants and markets Lidl Supermarket. Most popular landmarks SSE Arena. The Belfast Empire Music Hall. Are you missing any information about this area? Josper's Loughshore Hotel Cuisine: Why book with us.
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The maximum number of extra beds in a room is 1. No age restriction There is no age requirement for check-in. Cards accepted at this hotel Loughshore Hotel accepts these cards and reserves the right to temporarily hold an amount prior to arrival. See availability The fine print. Guests paying in case, a security deposit of GBP 75 is required upon arrival for incidentals. This deposit is fully refundable upon check-out and subject to a damage inspection of the accommodation. Value for money 8. What information would be helpful?