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The United States then launched an "Atoms for Peace" program that supplied equipment and information to schools, hospitals, and research institutions within the U. The first nuclear reactors in Iran , Israel [2] and Pakistan were built under the program by American Machine and Foundry , a company more commonly known as a major manufacturer of bowling equipment. The speech was part of a carefully orchestrated media campaign, called " Operation Candor ", to enlighten the American public on the risks and hopes of a nuclear future.

It was a propaganda component of the Cold War strategy of containment. Eisenhower, with some influence from J. Robert Oppenheimer , may have been attempting to convey a spirit of comfort to a terrified world after the horror of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and of the nuclear tests of the early s. It presented an ostensible antithesis to brinkmanship , the international intrigue that subsequently kept the world at the edge of war.

Atoms for peace and war, Eisenhower and the Atomic Energy Commission

However, recent historians [ who? Eisenhower wanted to make sure that the European allies would go along with the shift in NATO strategy from an emphasis on conventional weapons to cheaper nuclear weapons. Western Europeans wanted reassurance that the U. Eisenhower later said that he knew the Soviets would reject the specific proposal he offered in the speech. Eisenhower's invoking of "those same great concepts of universal peace and human dignity which are so clearly etched in" the UN Charter placed new emphasis upon the U.

This address laid down the rules of engagement for the new kind of warfare: It is with the book of history, and not with isolated pages, that the United States will ever wish to be identified.

Atoms for Peace in Latin America

My country wants to be constructive, not destructive. It wants agreement, not wars, among nations. It wants itself to live in freedom, and in the confidence that the people of every other nation enjoy equally the right of choosing their own way of life. To the making of these fateful decisions, the United States pledges before you—and therefore before the world its determination to help solve the fearful atomic dilemma—to devote its entire heart and mind to find the way by which the miraculous inventiveness of man shall not be dedicated to his death, but consecrated to his life.

Prior to Eisenhower's speech, the state of atomic development in the world was under strict secrecy. The information and expertise needed for atomic development was bound by the secret Quebec Agreement of and thus not devoted to peaceful processes, but instead as a weapon to defend against other countries which were developing and using the same weaponry. Eisenhower's speech was an important moment in political history as it brought the atomic issue which had been kept quiet for "national security" into the public eye, asking the world to support his solution.

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