Toggle navigation Additional Book Information. Description Table of Contents Editor s Bio. This is volume 1 of the book set. Building maintenance in ancient times up to the early modern period Building maintenance in ancient times up to the early modern period P. Carrive Maintaining an atrium house during the principate in Ostia G.
Mainet Municipal management of wooden bridges in the fifteenth century: Moucheront Regular building maintenance and long-term conservation in ancient times M. An international comparison thirteenth-twentieth century Experts and building assessments. The failure of a great plan K. Cornilly The engineer as expert: Friedman Surveyors and building appraisals. Centralised governments and the administrative pre-conditions of building before Architects and bureaucrats: Hurx Building for the Crown: Abad Bureaucratization and dynamization of construction processes in the electorate of Bavaria A.
Gommel The director, the first architect of the academy and the professor: Rousteau-Chambon Architects and institutions in the construction of the new city of Cervia I. Historic precast concrete Historic precast concrete H. Heinemann Building breakwaters with precast concrete blocks —67 S. Building the Bruges submarine pens —18 W. De Meyer Stone and concrete: Quist Prefabricated elements and typification in communist Poland P. Early thin shells — players, impulses, and effects Early thin shells — players, impulses, and effects R.
May The first concrete dome in Germany? A church building using modern techniques J.
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Rehm Hangars built of concrete reinforced in various ways, — Lampariello Oldest surviving hangars with shallow domes C. Czymay Thin concrete shells by Eugene Freyssinet B. Espion The diffusion of the Zeiss-Dywidag system in Italy: Curra A great achievement of the Soviet construction technology in Siberia: Nevzgodin Wooden shells in pre-war Soviet Union —39 O. Leslie Contemporary light vaults in Colombia.
Thermal comforts in Vietnam A. Cruse Cross-cultural thermal knowledge: Roesler Detropicalizing comfort research: The diffusion of materials and processes in the Global South Transnational exchange in the construction worlds of nineteenth and twentieth century Asia: Fivez Construction technology transfer in Shanghai in the nineteenth to twentieth centuries J. Aranda Alonso Glasgow city chambers: Baker Changes in the battlements and machicolations of the Late Medieval castles between the duchy of Milan and Este dominions.
Baselice Contracting blunders and innovative regulations of US military construction to J. Beard The work and professional status of John — and Benjamin Green —58 , architects and engineers P.
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Bertels Exploring the visual material within the building process of the Villa Savoye V. Gandini General contractors and architects in nineteenth-century America B. Bowen Two- and three-dimensional geometry in Tierceron vaults: Gasparini From invention to production: The introduction of prestressed concrete J. Calvo-Salve A dispute on Venetian techniques of foundation: Capponi Wooden survey towers in Germany P. Holzer Building contracts in the city of Girona from the fourteenth to the eighteenth century M.
Vilagran Innovative or derivative? Chrimes The graphic statics of the systems of space by Benjamin Mayor T.
Ciblac The rise and fall of the cast iron breast panel in Britain c. Clarke TPI — the Italian popular theatre: Teodosio Inquiring into the structural identity of the Sala dei Baroni vault M. Como What hides behind the plaster? Condoleo Reinforced concrete in Italy through the works of two generations of engineers: Van Santvoort Spatial management of contractors. Van de Voorde Renovating early modern Leiden: New perspectives on the building trades H.
Deneweth Building in times of war. World of Books Ltd was founded in , recycling books sold to us through charities either direct This essential companion to Fundamentals of Building Construction, Sixth Edition, involves students in the types of everyday issues faced by professional building architects. Greeno, Roger, Chudley, Roy. Exercises in Building Construction. Rivington's Notes on Building Construction: A Book of Reference for ArchitectsTitle: Roy Chudley, Roger Greeno.
Ideal for students on all construction courses Topics presented concisely in plain language and with clear drawings Updated to include revisions to Building and Cons Was bought but I ended We take pride in serving you. Remember, finishing successful small projects lays the groundwork for bigger jobs.
Spec builders come in all sizes, from the contractor who's building his first and only spec home to the developer who has a thousand homes under construction on sites in several states. All spec builders buy or subordinate the land, arrange for a construction loan, take out the permits, put up the buildings, and work to find qualified buyers. The spec builder's nightmare is unsold inventory.
The longer a house remains unsold, the smaller the profit. Eventually, the profit may disappear entirely. Very rarely does a delayed sale bring in enough extra money to cover the cost of holding the property vacant for months or years. Here's a rule of thumb for estimating the total cost to the buyer for a conventional house with only the minimum of modern conveniences:.
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Then multiply this figure by the total area of the house in square feet. You want to estimate the selling price of a 1, square foot house. Remember to use a carpenter's hourly union wage in your baseline estimate. This may not be the same as the actual hourly wage paid on your job. This "baseline estimate" will usually be high enough to include the lot, profit, and operating expenses like taxes, insurance and interest charges.
Here's another guide to use when considering a spec home project. About one manhour will be needed for each square foot of floor in a home without a basement. Two-thirds of this time will be skilled labor and one-third will be semi-skilled labor. Let's apply this rule to our 1, square foot house. Allowing I manhour per square foot of floor space, 1, manhours will be required.
We'll need 1, skilled manhours and semi-skilled manhours. If you're a skilled carpenter and hire another skilled tradesman and a semi-skilled helper, the three of you can complete the job in hours. If you sub out part of the work, you'll reduce your crew's time accordingly.
Keep in mind that this is only a rule of thumb. It has to be adjusted to fit the situation. Never substitute a baseline estimate for the detailed, itemized material and labor estimate. You need a complete estimate on every job. Before submitting any bid, list every unit of material. Then determine the cost of all those materials and estimate the manhours required for installation.
Building a spec house has a major advantage: If costs run over budget, you can usually increase the asking price a little. With a custom house, the situation is different. Your income is set by contract. Omit some cost and you're stuck with the bill. Your client's primary concern will usually be the cost, at least until construction gets underway. Use extreme care in preparing your list of materials take-off sheet. Make sure you include everything.
Custom building has advantages and disadvantages. The primary advantage is that your client carries the largest risk. But the builder still carries risk that material prices will increase between the bid date and the date of construction. Lumber and plywood prices, to name just two, can change rapidly.
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Include price escalation clauses in your contract. Get written bids from subcontractors. Make sure the bid prices are guaranteed for a specified time period. Otherwise, the sub's labor and material price increases end up in your lap. Before you agree to build a custom home on any site, familiarize yourself with soil conditions. Pay special attention to water levels, rock formations, soil type and topography. If large trees, stumps, and rocks have to be removed, your building costs will be higher. And these costs may not be recoverable. The less money spent on preparing the site, the better. Put your construction money where it shows: Changes during construction can be a headache or a money machine for the home builder.
Most owners request changes by the bushel as their custom home is built. Once the house is framed, the owner will want to relocate a partition, enlarge a closet, or install a larger window in the master bedroom. After construction begins, any change in plans will cost more - more manhours, more for materials, and much more for administrative overhead. Make sure your contract provides that changes will be made only by written request and at your "usual selling price" what you would like to get, not what the competition would bid.
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The owner might also decide that your construction materials are substandard and unacceptable. Dissatisfied owners have been known to knock out studs and joists at the end of the workday after the builder and crew have gone home. Have a clear understanding with the owner about the quality of materials. Include in your contract acceptability standards by grade and species. Few builders have the time to hand pick the lumber used in a house. But make the time to reject materials that don't meet the standards set in your contract. And send back any finish materials that are defective. Reputable builders don't use substandard materials.
That puts a premium on careful estimating. Most builders include a little cushioning in their estimates to allow for errors. Usually this is called contingency. But building in to much slack usually guarantees that someone else does the work. The best procedure is to compile complete, accurate estimates, including overhead and profit so that little or no cushion is needed. Remodeling is a big industry in this country. And it's growing faster than construction in general.
Room additions, porches, patios, redoing bathrooms and kitchens, repairing fire, storm and insect damage are all big ticket items. Profit margins are higher in remodeling work than in any other type of construction. And it's good fill-in work for your crew during the slack times when staying busy is a problem.
But it's a different type of construction that requires special skills and procedures. A healthy dose of skepticism is an advantage in remodeling work. Never assume that anything in the existing structure is built according to standard. And don't assume that the structure is square, plumb or level. It seldom will be. Assume that everything hidden is either not on center or will move out of position when you drive the first nail. A water pipe or an electrical circuit will always be right where you plan to cut a door or window.
When you remove that old commode, you'll discover the floor underneath is so rotten it wouldn't even support a bedpan! And when you start digging the footing for that room addition, you're certain to uncover an abandoned septic tank. The owner forgot all about it, of course. The windows you agreed to replace are odd-size and will have to be special-ordered. If it's an older house, you may discover that the studs are 2 x 5's. It would have been nice to know that before the custom-made windows arrived - and before you broke out the old windows!
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If you assume that the existing floor is level, you may be in for a surprise. And advising the owner that it's his floor that's skewed won't cut much mustard. Optimistic assumptions cause remodelers a lot of grief. As a remodeler, the only assumptions to make are that it's either too thin, too thick, too short, too long, too small, too large, or too late.
Successful remodelers generally would make good building inspectors. They know what to look for and what questions to ask before work begins. The more thorough the inspection, the more questions asked and answered, the fewer surprises during construction.