The reformist regime of Juan Bosch enacted a far different constitution.
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The Constitution not only retained the most politically and socially progressive features of the Constitution but also explicitly committed the government to an active role in fostering socioeconomic development and laid the bases for a modern welfare state. Unfortunately, several constitutional provisions alienated powerful traditional elements in society.
The Catholic Church objected to the legalization of divorce and the new emphasis on secular education. The business community was alarmed over the emphasis on public rather than private economic interests. The landowners feared expropriation of their holdings, and the military feared a loss of power and subordination to civilian authority.
These groups combined to overthrow Bosch in late and quickly restore the Constitution of After the civil war, in which the United States intervened militarily, a compromise constitution was hammered out by a constituent assembly the following year. In essence the Constitution provides for modern progressive government and civil liberties but lacks the kind of social provisions that would alienate the traditional elites.
Constitution of the Dominican Republic
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ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. Thereafter, governance of the country often alternated between liberal and authoritarian constitutional systems.
Even the dictator Rafael Trujillo always took care to operate under the banner of constitutionalism. Under Trujillo, however, the legislature was simply a rubber stamp; the courts were not independent; and basic rights all but ceased to exist. He governed as a tyrant, unfettered by constitutional restrictions.
Dominican Republic: Constitutions
After Trujillo's death in , the constitution was amended to provide for new elections and to allow the transfer of power to an interim Council of State. Although promulgated as a new document, the constitution was actually a continuation of the Trujillo constitution, and it was thus unpopular.
In , Juan Bosch 's freely elected, social-democratic government drafted a new and far more liberal constitution. It separated church and state , put severe limits on the political activities of the armed forces , established a wide range of civil liberties, and restricted the rights of property relative to individual rights.
These provisions frightened the more conservative elements in Dominican society, which banded together to oust Bosch and his constitution in September Subsequently, the more conservative constitution was restored. In the name of constitutionalism, Bosch and his followers launched a revolution in , the objective of which was restoration of the liberal constitution.
Largely as a result of the United States military intervention of April , the civil war had died down by This one was intended to avert the conflicts and polarization of the past by combining features from both the liberal and the conservative traditions. The Constitution incorporated a long list of basic rights, and it provided for a strengthened legislature; however, it also gave extensive powers to the executive, including emergency powers.
In this way, the country sought to bridge the gap between its democratic and its authoritarian constitutions, by compromising their differences. Later constitutions were enacted in and The constitution has faced notable criticism, both abroad and at home, with opponents referring to it as an "injustice" and as "step backwards" for ensuring of human rights in the country, especially towards women and homosexuals. A complete ban on all forms of same-sex unions  and abortion Article 55  was included at the behest of the Roman Catholic Church  and Evangelical Christians.
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Until , a public holiday was held to commemorate Constitution Day on November 6. Since then, it has been held on the closest Monday to that date, in order to ensure a three-day weekend. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.