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Racial integration in corporate America, / Jennifer Delton - Details - Trove
Foreword by Allport , Gordon. Lewin , Kurt , and Grabbe , Paul. Training in Community Relations: Lippitt , Ronald K. Logan , Raymond , ed. What the Negro Wants. Lorber , Lawrence Z. Freedom Is Not Enough: The Opening of the American Workplace. Maloney , Thomas N. The Management of Racial Integration in Business.
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Prepared under the supervision of Georges Doriot, professor of Industrial Management. Creating the Corporate Soul: University of California Press, Marrow , Alfred J. Behind the Executive Mask. The Life and Work of Kurt Lewin. Marsh , Barbara A Corporate Tragedy: The Agony of International Harvester Company.
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Man's Most Dangerous Myth: The Fallacy of Race. Moon , Bucklin , ed. Primer for White Folks. Moore , Wilbert E. More black workers were hired, but turnover rates remained rather high, and training costs were substantial. Still, Delton argues that there were long-term effects of these practices in that they prepared firms to implement the anti-discrimination and contract compliance policies to come.
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Chapters 6 through 9 examine the post period, when these more ambitious anti-discrimination policies were enacted by state and federal governments. Chapter 6 reviews some of the history of state fair employment practice commissions as well as the Kennedy-era?
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Chapter 7 then returns the focus to private-sector actors, examining the evolution of the National Association of Manufacturers? NAM position on anti-discrimination policy. Delton argues that the NAM initially promoted voluntary efforts at integrating the workplace and was neutral on prospective anti-discrimination law. This was in sharp contrast to the way the NAM had responded to the Wagner Act, continuing to oppose it well after its passage. By the late s, manufacturing firms and some better-off African-Americans had begun to leave central cities, leading to the emergence of increasingly poor and isolated urban black communities.
This development acted as a stimulus for the creation of new, cooperative programs in which government and business tried to employ more of the residents of these communities. For instance, President Johnson? National Alliance of Businessmen? Job Opportunities in Business Sector?
Delton describes some of this history in chapter 8 and also reviews an effort by Control Data Corporation to aid the impoverished North Minneapolis community by locating a plant there and hiring from the neighborhood. As with many such efforts, these programs produced new hires but fewer long-term employees. Delton argues, though, that they also generated new insights into how to recruit and train workers from disadvantaged communities. In fact, Control Data sold this new expertise to other firms in the form of its?
Racial Integration in Corporate America, 1940–1990
Delton devotes chapter 9 to a similar case, that of the DuPont Corporation. Prior to , DuPont had demonstrated limited interest in affirmative action efforts despite its status as a major government contractor covered by contract compliance requirements. Following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. They centralized hiring and recruitment and more actively documented their own record in attracting and retaining minority workers. As was the case with so many firms engaged in these efforts, they met their hiring goals more often than their retention goals.
Still, DuPont remained committed to these efforts and, like many employers, lobbied against the weakening of race-related contract compliance programs during the Reagan administration. Delton does a fine job of bringing to light a neglected aspect of workplace integration in the mid-twentieth century. Scholars would do well to pursue and debate this parallel.
- Racial Integration in Corporate America, – by Jennifer Delton.
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Delton could have added a further chapter about how immigrants integrated into corporate America. The road to civil rights was paved not just by left-wing labor unions, the naacp , the Urban League, and grassroots activists but also by and with corporate America. This important book deserves a wide audience.
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